Number of Speakers Native Speakers: 260 million
Official: India, Bangladesh
Subject-verb-object (SVO) word order with some flexibility. Nouns and pronouns are inflected for case (nominative, objective, genitive, and locative), with minimal inflection for adjectives. Verbs are heavily conjugated. Non-finite verbs are inflected for person (first, second, or third), tense (past, present, future), aspect (simple, perfect, progressive), and honor/status (intimate, familiar, and formal). The copula “to be” is not used in the present tense, representing a unique feature of Bengali as compared to other related Indo-Aryan languages.
Bengali vocabulary is derived from the Magadhan languages, with loanwords from Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Sanskrit. The variety of Bengali spoken in Bangladesh utilizes more loanwords from Arabic/Persian while Bengali spoken in India utilizes more loanwords from Sanskrit.
Standard Bengali is based on the Rarhi dialect spoken in Kolkata and the Nadia districts of West Bengal. Most Bengali speakers are fluent in multiple dialects, some of which are largely mutually unintelligible.
More than 320,000 speakers of Bengali in the United States, making Bengali the 21st most widely spoken language in the U.S. Large concentrations of Bengali Americans are located in New York, California, New Jersey, Texas, Michigan, Virginia, and Florida.
At Latitude Prime, we offer Bengali translation, Bengali interpretation, and Bengali localization services in numerous specialized subject areas and multiple dialects. Whether you need to translate medical records from Bengali to English, need a Bengali interpreter for a business meeting in Dhaka, or want to localize your website into Bengali to market your products or services in India and Bangladesh, Latitude Prime has the customized language solution to meet all of your Turkish language needs.