Europe, South America, North America, Africa
Official: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Switzerland; Recognized minority language in 13 other countries
An inflected (fusional) language which utilizes a V2 word order with a subject-object-verb (SOV) order restriction for main clauses. Nouns form compounds wherein the first noun modifies the category given by the second noun. Verbs include two main conjugation classes (weak and strong), three persons, two numbers, three moods, two tenses without auxiliary verbs, four tenses with auxiliary verbs, and various types of aspect distinction.
German is a pluricentric language, wherein several interacting codified versions of the language exist together. Standard German is a standard form of Higher German that developed in the early modern period, although many variations in vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, and orthography exist within the Standard German continuum. Many traditional German dialects, which are gradually being replaced by Standard German, are not mutually intelligible.
Latin alphabet, with three vowels that contain the Umlaut (ä, ö, and ü), as well as the eszett or scharfes s (sharp s): ß.
There are approximately 1.06 million German speakers in the United States, with the Old Order Amish and Mennonite communities representing one of the largest communities of German speakers today (known as “Pennsylvania Dutch”).
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