Native Speakers: 2.7 million (not including Vietnam, where there is no reliable Hmong population data available)
China, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos
A tonal language that uses 7-8 tones, depending on the dialect. An analytic language that uses a subject-verb-object (SVO) word order. An isolating language wherein most morphemes are monosyllabic, with little inflection. Since verbs are not inflected to indicate tense, temporal adverbs are used to indicate past, present, and future. Verbal modifiers are used to indicate aspect. Adjectives and demonstratives follow the noun.
Hmong Daw (“White Hmong”), Hmong Du, Mong Shi, Hmong Leng, and Mong Njua (China); Hmong Daw, Hmong Du, Mong Shi, Hmong Leng, and Mong Njua (Laos); Mong Shi, Hmong Do, and Hmong Don (Vietnam). The various dialects and dialect clusters are largely mutually intelligible, although little is known about the varieties spoken in Vietnam.
More than a dozen different scripts, the most popular of which have included the Pollard script, Pahawh Hmong, Ntawv Thoob Teb (RPA), Nyiakeng Puachue Hmong, and more.
Approximately 280,000 Hmong in the United States, with the largest communities found in California, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Approximately 60% of Hmong-Americans speak the White Hmong (Hmong Daw) dialect and 40% speak the Mong Leng dialect. The first Hmong language advertising was released by McDonald’s in St. Paul, Minnesota.
At Latitude Prime, we offer Hmong translation, Hmong interpretation, and Hmong localization services in numerous specialized subject areas and multiple dialects. Whether you need to translate public information notices into Hmong, need a Hmong interpreter for an immigration hearing, or want to localize your website into Hmong to market your products or services in Southeast Asia, Latitude Prime has the customized language solution to meet all of your Hmong language needs.