Native Speakers: 80 million; L2 Speakers: 380,000
Middle East, Southeastern Europe, Caucasus Region
Official: Turkey, Cyprus, Northern Cyprus; Recognized Minority Language: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Romania
Turkish features vowel harmony and agglutination, in which complex words are created by stringing together morphemes without changing their spelling or phonetics. The basic word order is subject-object-verb (SOV), with no grammatical gender or noun classes. Turkish includes T-V distinction (levels of “polite speech”) based on relation to the speaker, social class, age, etc. There are nine simple and 20 compound verb tenses in Turkish. Vocabulary is comprised of 86% of words of Turkish origin, with loanwords from Arabic, Persian, French, Italian, Greek, and English.
Modern Standard Turkish is based on the Istanbul dialect.
Latin alphabet, with q, x, w omitted and ç, ş, ğ, ı, ö, ü added
Roughly 500,000 Turks living in the United States (2010 U.S. Census), which also includes Turkish immigrants from the former Soviet Union, Balkans, and Cyprus. The largest Turkish immigrant communities are located in New York, New Jersey, California, Florida, Texas, Virginia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland.
At Latitude Prime, we offer Turkish translation, Turkish interpretation, and Turkish localization services in numerous specialized subject areas and multiple dialects. Whether you need to translate financial statements from Turkish to English, need a Turkish interpreter for a business negotiation, or want to localize your website into Turkish to market your products or services in Turkey, Latitude Prime has the customized language solution to meet all of your Turkish language needs.